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Domain 6: Security Assessment and Testing

Definitions
  • War Dialing - technique to automatically scan a list of telephone numbers
  • Pentesting Methodology
    • Planning
    • Reconnaissance
    • Scanning (enumeration)
    • Vulnerability Assessment
    • Exploitation
    • Reporting
  • Unit Testing - low level, functions, procedures, or objects
  • Installation Testing - seeing if it installs and can run
  • Integration Testing - multiple components together. say there is unit test for head lights and one for turn signal. integration test would be making sure they both work at same time
  • Regression Testing - testing updates, modifications, or patches
  • Acceptance Testing - ensuring it meets standards and requirements
  • Fuzzing - black-box testing that submits random, malformed data to see if it will crash
  • Dynamic Analysis - giving program inputs to test all paths for bugs, weaknesses, vulnerabilities, etc
  • Static Analysis - analyzing the source for for bugs, weaknesses, vulnerabilities, style, etc
  • Risk = Threat X Vulnerability
Design and validate assessment, test, and audit strategies

Pentesting and active assessments. Once you create something, look for weaknesses or abuse cases

  • Internal - usually done by checking logs, scanning internal network with vulnerability scanner, checking camera coverage, etc
  • External - analyzing firewall rules, IDS/IPS, endpoint protection, fences, gates, etc
  • Third-party - paying another organization to test your security for you
Conduct security control testing
  • Vulnerability assessment - describes a ton of weaknesses in the system. Doesn't exploit anything
  • Penetration testing - chaining together weaknesses to see what is possible. Puts theirselves in place of attackers to see what they could do
  • Log reviews - manually reviewing logs or setting up log analysis tool/filter i.e. splunk
  • Synthetic transactions - building scripts to simulate normal activities. this is capture a baseline and simulate traffic
  • Code review and testing - manual review, static analysis, and dynamic analysis. all three should be used
  • Misuse case testing - writing security tests. could write a security test to ensure the server redirects you, or that all passwords hashes used are strong
  • Test coverage analysis - sees how much code you are testing or covering with dynamic analysis
  • Interface testing - testing functionality of interface. ensuring user can't see any weird files, error messages, or anything unneccessary.
Collect security process data (e.g., technical and administrative)
  • Account management - user accounts should be monitored, permissions checked, and passwords automatically changed
  • Management review and approval - weaknesses and risk should always be taken to management before acting. determine what the best plan forward and how much risk they want to accept.
  • Key performance and risk indicators - a measure of a particularorganizational performance activity, or an important indicatorof a precise health condition of an organization. Enables quick success improvements decomentation.
  • Backup verification data - Information used to verify and manage should be backed up
  • Training and awareness - everyone should have to take frequent awarness training and their training should be tracked
  • Disaster Recovery (DR) and Business Continuity (BC) - there should be plans in place for what to do when bad things happen. Is a Hot site, cold site needed? Should everything be completely redundant?
Analyze test output and generate report
  • Policies and Procedures
  • Security Personel Training
  • Change Management
  • Architectural Reviews
  • Vulnerability Reports
  • Metrics reports on security
  • Metrics reports on IT and remediation
  • Pentest Reports
Conduct or facilitate security audits

Same thing as the first title in this section, except you are doing this for real now.

  • Internal
  • External
  • Third-party

Sources
https://github.com/icepaule/CISSP-Study-Guide (Thanks to SimonOwens for his great work)